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UNDERSTANDING FERTILITY & TREATMENT

In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)

Who should be treated with in vitro fertilization?

Since the birth of the world's first "test tube" baby in 1978, IVF has helped to bring millions of children into the world by fertilizing an egg with sperm in the lab (in vitro) and then transferring the embryo into a woman. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is one of the most effective techniques available for improving your chances for a pregnancy. Precise timing of medications is critical, and close monitoring with ultrasound is required. This reproductive journey is detailed and involved, but we are here to guide you and help ease as many of the complexities that may occur along the way.

IVF can be used as an effective treatment for infertility of all causes except for women with infertility caused by an anatomic problem with the uterus, such as severe intrauterine adhesions.

It is generally used in couples who have failed to conceive after at least one year of trying who also have one or more of the following:

IVF Process

To obtain adequate numbers of eggs,
hormones injections will be prescribed.
Ultrasound (usually vaginal) and several
hormone blood tests will be performed to
monitor development of the eggs and timing
for ovulation. 36 hours prior to OPU (Ovum or
Egg Pick Up), another hormone injection will
be given to trigger the process of ovulation:
help the maturation of the eggs.
1
Ovulation Induction
On the day of OPU, eggs will be collected
using vaginal ultrasound and patient will be
under anaesthesia. On the same day, sperm
collected will be washed and prepared with medium to gain more active and better
sperm.
2
Egg Retrieval
After a successful fertilization, the embryos
will be transferred into the uterine cavity by a
soft catheter. Patients are advised to have a
full bladder prior to the procedure; the
procedure will be guided by abdominal
ultrasound (no sedation is needed at this
stage). The length of the procedure is approximately
30-45 minutes. After the procedure,
the patient may experience mild abdominal
discomfort and bloating.
4
Embryo transfer and
Implantation
The well prepared sperm will then be placed
together with the obtained eggs in a small
dish for fertilization. IVF helps to increase the
probability of fertilization as the sperm and
egg are put in a tiny space.
3
Fertilization

Stages of a Human Embryo Development

Stages of a Human Embryo Development